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浅谈 Cache

www.someabcd.com  网友分享于:Jun 8, 2018 6:04:21 PM

标签:cache   cache-coherence   memory ordering   store buffer   并行编程   

    先来看一段代码:

#include <Windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int x, y, r1, r2;

HANDLE Event1, Event2, EventMain1, EventMain2;

DWORD
_stdcall
ThreadProc1 ( 
    LPVOID lpThreadParameter
    )
{
    while (TRUE) {
        WaitForSingleObject(Event1, INFINITE);

        while (rand() % 8 != 0);

        x = 1;
        r1 = y;

        SetEvent(EventMain1);
    }
}

DWORD
_stdcall
ThreadProc2 ( 
    LPVOID lpThreadParameter
    )
{
    while (TRUE) {
        WaitForSingleObject(Event2, INFINITE);

        while (rand() % 8 != 0);

        y = 1;
        r2 = x;

        SetEvent(EventMain2);
    }
}


void main()
{
    HANDLE Thread1, Thread2;

    Thread1 = CreateThread(NULL, 0, ThreadProc1, NULL, 0, NULL);
    Thread2 = CreateThread(NULL, 0, ThreadProc2, NULL, 0, NULL);
    SetThreadAffinityMask(Thread1, 1);
    SetThreadAffinityMask(Thread2, 2);

    Event1 = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
    Event2 = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
    EventMain1 = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
    EventMain2 = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);

    int dectected = 0;
    for (int i = 0; ;i++) {
        x = 0;
        y = 0;

        SetEvent(Event1);
        SetEvent(Event2);

        WaitForSingleObject(EventMain1, INFINITE);
        WaitForSingleObject(EventMain2, INFINITE);

        if (r1 == 0 && r2 == 0) {
            printf("detected %d, i %d\n", dectected++, i);
        }
    }
}

        描述一下这段代码的重点,起两个线程在两个cpu 核心上执行,分别执行 x = 1, r1= y; y = 1, r2 = x;无论哪个线程先执行,或一起执行,按照常理执行结果一般为 r1 = 1 或 r2 = 1 或者两个都为 1,也就是在 main 函数中的判断 r1 和 r2 同为 0 的判断是不可能成立的,打印也不会出现。

       当你真实在一台至少双核机器上运行时,你应该不会相信你的眼睛。

detected 305, i 202654
detected 306, i 204704
detected 307, i 205029
detected 308, i 206454
detected 309, i 207135
detected 310, i 208178
detected 311, i 208610
detected 312, i 208879
detected 313, i 208896
detected 314, i 208960
detected 315, i 209003
detected 316, i 209869
detected 317, i 210573
detected 318, i 211259
detected 319, i 211275
detected 320, i 211487
detected 321, i 212646
detected 322, i 212963
detected 323, i 213317
detected 324, i 213382
detected 325, i 213473
detected 326, i 213588
detected 327, i 214940
detected 328, i 215055
detected 329, i 215271
        (由于贴图不方便,直接把本机的打印复制下来了)      

        从打印中可以得出,在两个线程运行完后,r1== r2 == 0 的情况居然出现了,难道 CPU 在逗我们么。

        CPU 没有逗我们,是我们不够了解它。(待续)

浅谈 Cache

标签:cache   cache-coherence   memory ordering   store buffer   并行编程   

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